In the Know

Gonorrhea

What is gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection caused by contact with body fluids through unprotected vaginal, anal, and oral sex. It is one of the most common STIs among young people.

What are the symptoms?

You may feel abnormal vaginal discharge (most common), abdominal pain, bleeding between periods, pain during urination or sex, or frequent urination. However, many women never have symptoms.

How do I get tested?

Urine test and vaginal, throat, or rectum swab.

How do I get treated?

Antibiotics. You and your partner(s) must be treated to prevent re-infection.

What if I don’t treat it?

Gonorrhea can cause infertility, pelvic pain, pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, arthritis, skin rash, and may increase chances of getting HIV.

How can I prevent it?

Know if your partner is infected before having sex. Abstinence is the only way to prevent it 100%. Use a latex, polyurethane, or polyisoprene condom every time you have sex. Don’t forget that you can get it through oral sex too.

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